IRA N. GABRIELSON, WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE PAPERS
Scope and Contents
The documents in this collection were sent to the Conservation Library Center by Ira Gabrielson, President, and Clinton Raymond "Pink" Gutermuth, Vice-President of the Wildlife Management Institute in 1965 and 1977. They relate primarily to Gabrielson's work with the Institute and his service on various national and local boards and committees, and contains a small amount of material from the U.S. Biological Survey and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The materials from Gutermuth relate to the activities of the Wildlife Management Institute, such as conferences, the Echo Park Dam controversy, game farms, management of public lands, and the Patuxent Research Refuge in Maryland. The Institute cooperated with the Department of the Interior to produce radio broadcasts on a wide range of game, wildlife and conservation issues. Scripts of these broadcasts are included in the collection.
The correspondence of Gabrielson dates from 1935 to 1974. Only one folder contains material dated prior to his work at the Wildlife Management Institute. A small amount of correspondence was filed by subject or person, and includes letters from Charles Lindberg concerning the World Wildlife Fund, and from Jay "Ding" Darling, Pulitzer Prize winner, cartoonists, chief of the U.S. Biological Survey (1934-35) and first president (1936) of the National Wildlife Federation.
Under Gabrielson's supervision, the Institute studied and reported on the management of game and wildlife for several states. Reports of these state surveys date from 1948 to 1959 and are included in this series. Gabrielson served on a large number of committees and advisory boards. These files include correspondence, meeting notices, minutes and agendas. They are organized by earliest date. A quantity of this material comes from the National Academy of Science, National Research Council, Committee on Pest Control and Wildlife Relationships and includes reports of the committee. Of particular interest is the Subcommittee on Research, whose report, Effects of Pesticides Upon Fish and Wildlife, was being drafted just as Rachael Carson's Silent Spring was serialized in the New Yorker in June 1962.
Gabrielson was also very active in local Virginia groups, including the Coordinating Committee on the Potomac River Valley (built around the opposition to the Army Corps of Engineers program of building dams on the Potomac Rive), and the Virginia Outdoor Recreation Study Committee which was to develop a plan that would qualify Virginia for Land and Water Conservation Fund monies.
A prolific writer, Gabrielson was responsible for many articles and books. The series contains reference material, including field notes, lists of birds in his own collection, book reviews, and text of articles and speeches, organized by title dating from 1935 to 1970. Drafts of A Plant Lover Looks at America, and untitled manuscripts on waterfowl, wildflowers, predator control, wildlife and fish and game administration are also included.
A few personal items of Gabrielson relate to family genealogy, memorabilia, and correspondence regarding his assignments and retirement are included. Correspondence from prominent government officials, primarily of a congratulatory nature, are brought together here.
Material in this series reflects the Institute's involvement with several major conservation issues, including: sponsorship of the North American Wildlife Conference, the effort to stop the construction of the Echo Park Dam, timber management, grazing, game farms, wildlife refuges, and monitoring the wildlife management policies of federal agencies.
This series includes articles and text of speeches given by Gabrielson and others, including Howard Zahniser (U.S. Biological Survey), Stanley Young (U.S. Biological Survey) and Henry A. Wallace (Secretary of Agriculture). Some of the titles include: Conservation and Control of Wild Life; Use of the Forests for Game Production; Our Federal Predator Control Work; Recent Observations on Game Farm Losses; Here Come the Elk; The Importance of Lead Poisoning in Waterfowl. An index includes date, author and title.
Radio scripts, some done in conjunction with the Wildlife Management Institute, cover topics such as hunting, game management, predator control, waterfowl, endangered species and energy demands as the nation faced the prospect of entering World War II. Most were broadcast as part of the National Farm and Home Hour, a program aired over the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), cosponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and NBC as a public service program for farmers and homemakers.
The majority of this series consists of game survey reports written by Aldo Leopold from 1928 to 1930 for the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute. Also included are reprints of articles and book reviews by Leopold from the late 1920s to 1948; copies of correspondence between Leopold and William Vogt, of the Pan American Union. A copy of the Wildlife Research News Letter dated May 3, 1948 contains a brief biography of Leopold and a fifteen-page bibliography of his works.
The first scrapbook in this series contains newspaper clippings of the activities of the American Wildlife Institute. The second documents the North American Wild Life Conference held in Washington D.C. in February 1936.
The audio cassettes are from the Public Land Law Review Commission meeting in November of 1970.
Photographs in the collection were taken at various meetings, award ceremonies and conferences. They also include photographs of: plants and animals; of bird eggs and nests, marked as the "B.H. Warren Collection"; mounted photographs identified as "Photographs to Accompany American Wild Flowers by Ira Noel Gabrielson" (176 pages).
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research.
Ira Gabrielson and Wildlife Management Institute papers are the physical property of the Denver Public Library.
All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from material in the collection should be discussed with the appropriate librarian or archivist. Permission for publication may be given on behalf of the Denver Public Library as the owner of the physical item. It is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained by the customer. The Library does not assume any responsibility for infringement of copyright or publication rights of the manuscript held by the writer, heirs, donors, or executors. Reproduction restrictions are decided on a case-by-case basis.
Biographical / Historical
Ira Noel Gabrielson:
Known as "Mr. Conservation" or simply "Gabe," Ira Noel Gabrielson was a highly regarded biologist, ornithologist and administrator. Born September 27, 1889 in Sioux Rapids Iowa, Gabrielson graduated from Morningside College in 1912 with a B.A. degree in biology. That same year he married Clara Speer. After teaching high school biology for three years, he joined the U.S. Bureau of Biological Survey. His work with the Survey included economic ornithology, rodent control, predator control and special assignments for the Bureau's Chief, Jay "Ding" Darling. Moving to Washington D.C., Gabrielson succeeded Darling as Bureau Chief in 1935.
The Biological Survey and the Bureau of Fisheries were combined in 1940 to form the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Gabrielson served as its first director, a position he held until retiring in 1946. Upon retiring from federal government work, Gabrielson accepted the position of president of the Wildlife Management Institute, serving in that capacity for twenty-four years until assuming the chairmanship of the Institute's board in 1970.
Over the span of his career, Gabrielson was a member of a number of committees and advisory boards, contributing his expertise in many areas. He assisted in organizing the U.S. counterpart of the World Wildlife Fund and served as its president. Honorary degrees were awarded to him by Oregon State College, Middlebury College, Colby College and Morningside College. He was also the recipient of numerous awards, including the National Audubon Society's Audubon Medal (1949), the Wildlife Society's Aldo Leopold Memorial Award Medal (1953), and the American Forestry Association's Distinguished Service Award (1962).
Gabrielson wrote extensively, publishing articles on a wide range of game and wildlife management issues. His major works on birds included Birds of Oregon, written with Stanley G. Jewett and published in 1940, and The Birds of Alaska with Frederick C. Lincoln, published in 1959. He wrote about wildlife in Wildlife Conservation (1941); Wildlife Refuges (1943); and Wildlife Management (1951).
Ira Noel Gabrielson died in Washington, D.C. on September 7, 1977 at the age of 87.
Wildlife Management Institute:
The Wildlife Management Institute "was established in 1911 by sportsmen/businessmen gravely concerned about the dramatic declines of many wildlife populations. Its founders saw need for a small, independent and aggressive cadre of people dedicated to restoring and ensuring the well-being of wild populations and their habitats." "In simplest terms, WMI is a professional conservation organization that works to improve the professional foundation of wildlife management." (WMI website)
The Institute works with federal agencies, Congress, college and university researchers and educators, private conservation organizations, and professional associations. It advises, testifies and provides educational services on wildlife-related issues.
Originally known as the American Game Protective and Propagation Association, it later became the American Wildlife Institute, and in 1946 assumed its present name. It sponsors and administers the annual North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference.
16 Boxes (16 linear feet)
1 oversize boxes
1 photo boxes
1 envelope (vault)
Language of Materials
Other Finding Aids
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers of this collection were donated by Ira Gabrielson and the Wildlife Management Institute.
PROCESSED AND ENCODED BY:
February 2006, Revised October 2009
- Biologists -- Washington (D.C.) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Conservation of natural resources -- United States. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Leopold, Aldo, 1886-1948. Subject Source: Lcnaf
- Wildlife conservation -- United States. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Wildlife management -- United States. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- IRA N. GABRIELSON, WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE PAPERS
- October 2009
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script