JOHN MELCHER PAPERS
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE
This collection contains papers generated by the Subcommittee of Public Lands from 1973 to 1976 while John Melcher served as chairman. The files concern the trans-Alaska pipeline, originating from Prudhoe Bay Oil Field in Alaska’s North Slope and terminating at the Port of Valdez on Prince William Sound, and the relevant legislation, in particular, HR 9130. Papers comprise correspondence, right-of-way and route studies, technical reports on pipeline safety, fact sheets, itinerary for a subcommittee field trip, maps, photographs, articles, clippings, speeches, and transcripts of hearings given before the Subcommittee on Public Lands. A small portion of the collection contains material on the development of shale oil resources and the effects on surrounding communities.
This series begins with a report written by the Alyeska Pipeline Service Co. titled Summary: Project Description of the Trans Alaska Pipeline System, August 1971, and a copy of a report on the Construction, Operating and Maintenance Costs, March 1972, which was part of a preliminary feasibility study. The remainder consists of correspondence to and from members of Congress and Chairman Melcher and news clippings regarding the many issues raised by the proposal to build a trans Alaskan pipeline. Also included are the itinerary, correspondence and new clippings regarding the field trip to Alaska by members of the Subcommittee on Public Lands.
This series contains committee reports, conference reports and hearing transcripts related to the pipeline bill HR 9130. Also included are transcripts of the 1975 oversight hearing on the construction of the pipeline, and a 1976 report on the issue of the pipeline welds.
Reports concerning the effect of the pipeline on wildlife and permafrost conditions, techniques of welding the pipeline, the explosion and fire at Pump Station 8, and the oil spill at Pump Station 9 form the series.
U.S. Department of the Interior correspondence and reports on coal trespass on Federal lands in Alabama and the Eastern United States form the first part of this series. The remainder contains correspondence from Cecil D. Andrews of the Department of Interior, to Harold Runnels concerning oil shale leases, copies of legislation regarding mineral deposits on Federal lands, and notes and reports on the development of shale oil resources.
Black and white aerial photographs of the Alaskan pipeline route, along with photographs of the pipeline components and of a Corp of Engineers pipeline comprise the primary portion of this series. Twenty-four photos are identified as part of a presentation by John E. Latz titled Remarks and Reflections on the Trans Alaska Pipeline System presented on October 16, 1974 to the Society of American Military Engineers, Washington, D.C. All of these photographs are identified by place, but not by date. An additional twenty black and white aerial photographs of the Columbia, and possibly other, glaciers form part of the series. Only four of these are dated.
The collection is open for research.
The John Melcher Papers are the physical property of the Denver Public Library.
All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from material in the collection should be discussed with the appropriate librarian or archivist. Permission for publication may be given on behalf of the Denver Public Library as the owner of the physical item. It is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained by the customer. The Library does not assume any responsibility for infringement of copyright or publication rights of the manuscript held by the writer, heirs, donors, or executors. Reproduction restrictions are decided on a case-by-case basis.
John Melcher was born on September 6, 1924 in Sioux City, Iowa. From 1946 to 1950, he attended Iowa State University, graduating with a degree in veterinary medicine. He became a partner in the Yellowstone Valley Clinic in Forsyth, Montana and was active in city and state government. On June 24, 1969, he was elected by special election to the 91st Congress as a Democratic representative for Montana to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of James F. Battin. In 1971, he became a member of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and from 1973 to 1976 (93rd and 94th Congress) he chaired the Subcommittee on Public Lands. Melcher retired from Congress in 1988.
2 boxes (2 linear feet)
Language of Materials
Other Finding Aids
The collection came to the Denver Public Library through the gift of Harry Crandell, who was a consultant to and later Staff Director for the Subcommittee on Public Lands, U.S. House of Representatives.
Number of Boxes: 2
REVISED AND ENCODED BY:
Revised, November 2009
- Oil spills -- Alaska. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Oil spills and wildlife -- Alaska. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Pipelines -- Welding. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Prince William Sound (Alaska) Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Prudhoe Bay (Alaska) Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Trans-Alaska Pipeline (Alaska) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- JOHN MELCHER PAPERS
- REVISED 2009
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script